The urban local government which works for the development of any Metropolitan City is known as the Municipal Corporation. The members of the Municipal Corporation are directly elected by the people and are called Councilors.
The main objectives of Municipal Corporation are urban planning including town planning, planning for economic and social development, Water supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes.
Municipal Corporations are largely dependent on the property tax collected for their revenue. The other sources of revenue include water tax, professional tax, drainage tax, etc.
Functions of Municipal Corporation
- Urban planning including town planning.
- Regulation of land-use and construction of buildings.
- Planning for economic and social development.
- Water supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes.
- Public health, sanitation conservancy and solid waste management.
- Fire services.
- Urban forestry, protection of the environment and promotion of ecological aspects.
- Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and mentally retarded.
- Slum improvement and up gradation.
- Urban poverty alleviation.
- Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds.
- Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects.
- Burials and burial grounds; cremations, cremation grounds and electric crematoriums.
- Cattle pounds; prevention of cruelty to animals.
- Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths.
- Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops and public conveniences.
- Regulation of slaughter houses and tanneries